California's Healthy Soils Initiative

California's Healthy Soils Initiative is a collaboration of state agencies and departments, led by the California Department of Food and Agriculture, to promote the development of healthy soils. A combination of innovative farm and land management practices contribute to building adequate soil organic matter that can increase carbon sequestration and reduce overall greenhouse gas emissions.

Why Soils?

plant icon

Improve plant health and crop yields*

Soil organic matter suppresses disease organisms and increases plant nutrient availability and uptake.

water drop icon

Increase water retention and infiltration*

Healthy soil can hold up to 20 times its weight in water. Increasing soil organic matter 1% can increase soil available water holding capacity by 3.7%.

dust cloud icon

Prevent erosion and reduce sediment and dust*

Soil organic matter helps build soil aggregate stability and structure and make it more resistant to wind or water erosion.

carbon sequestration icon

Sequester carbon and reduce greenhouse gas emissions*

Soils contain approximately 75% of the carbon pool on land—three times more than the amount stored in living plants and animals.

watering can icon

Improve water quality*

Increasing soil organic matter increases infiltration and biological activity that make soil a more effective filter.

deer icon

Improve biological diversity and wildlife habitat*

At least a quarter of the world’s biodiversity lives in the soil; healthy soils improve habitats and other natural resources.

* Click to see supporting research

What Is California Doing?

Inter-Agency Collaboration

  • The On-Farm Compost Work Group is committed to developing a regulatory pathway to address permitting challenges and create incentives to support on-farm composting of agricultural materials to decrease nutrient loading, reduce agricultural burning, and improve soil health.
  • Healthy Soils Week is an annual collaboration between federal and state agencies to celebrate the value of California’s soils and highlight efforts to improve soil health across the state.


Funding for improving soil health is available on both the state and federal level. Click the links below to find out more.

  • The Healthy Soils Program (HSP) provides financial incentives for implementation and/or demonstration of on-farm conservation management practices that improve soil health, sequester carbon and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Health Soils Program
  • The USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service (USDA NRCS) provides financial as well as technical assistance for development and implementation of conservation plans through the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP). Environmental Quality Incentives Program logo
Portrait of Karen Ross, CDFA Secretary

"Soil has the transformative power to help us stabilize our changing climate. By capturing greenhouse gas emissions from the atmosphere and storing them underground, through the assistance of living plants and microbes, we improve both the atmosphere and the soil."

— Karen Ross, CDFA Secretary
Partner with CDFA
on Healthy Soils